Mount Rushmore National Memorial is a United States National Memorial in the west of South Dakota. Featuring the monumental faces of four former Presidents: Washington, Jefferson, (Teddy) Roosevelt, and Lincoln—blasted and carved from the white rock of a mountain, Mount Rushmore is a national icon.
Mount Rushmore is named after Charles E. Mount Rushmore, a New York City attorney who was sent out to this area in 1884 to check legal titles on properties. The giant outcropping of rock was a favorite place that many presidents visited with their families.The four granite faces that give the mountain its greatest claim to fame were carved over a 14-year period (October 4, 1927 – October 31, 1941) by over 400 workers under the supervision of Gutzon Borglum, an American sculptor. Each face is about 60 feet high; if the bodies were to be included, each figure would be about 460 feet high.
The carving started in 1927, and finished 7 months after Borglum’s death in 1941. Borglum died of an embolism while trying to raise money for the project. His son, Lincoln Borglum, would act as foreman while Borglum was traversing the country to raise funds. After his father’s death, Lincoln made the finishing touches to the mountain before packing up and leaving. The faces from left to right represent George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln.
Mount Rushmore A long boardwalk has been built at the base of Mt. Rushmore which gives you many different views of Mt. Rushmore. Openings have been made in the trees along the boardwalk such that at times you can see only one of the four presidents. Enjoy a meal at the Mt. Rushmore Cafe where you can eat while looking at the four presidents. Several wild animals such as deer and mountain goats roam free around the area.
Keystone, like so many towns in the Black Hills started out as a mining camp. Gold was not the only mineral mined in the Black Hills, and Keystone was home to several mines that produced tin, feldspar, lead, and silver.
Hill City began life as a small mining town during the Black Hills gold rush. A relatively small amount of gold was ever found near the community, but tin mining supported the town economically for many years. Timber also became an important commodity, and sustainable lumber milling is still one of the tiny town’s main industries.
Rapid City is perhaps best-known for Mount Rushmore National Memorial, which is just a few minutes outside the city. The four granite faces of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt were begun in 1927 and completed in 1941. The presidential tribute, combined with the natural beauty of the surrounding Black Hills and the outdoor recreation it supports, has helped to make Rapid City a vacation destination.
Road trips are as a part of the American culture as hamburgers and 4th of July. Driving through the mountains and plains of the United States is a time-honored tradition for families and young travelers alike. From convertibles to campers, a trip to Mt. Rushmore from Denver is a great summer getaway. Host to about 3 million visitors annually, the mountain sculpture depicting presidents Washington, Jefferson, Roosevelt and Lincoln is an American icon and the perfect destination for an all-American weekend.